Research Reports

Economic Impacts of Health Disparities in Texas

Economic Impacts of Health Disparities in Texas

Health is fundamental to the quality of our lives. Across Texas, factors that impact health including social and environmental determinants of health and access to health care vary considerably by race and ethnicity. Black and Hispanic children are much more likely to be growing up in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and their families are more likely to lack health insurance. Not surprisingly, there are also wide disparities in health status, disease prevalence, and mortality among Texans of different races and ethnicities.

Recognizing that much of the work to improve health is done at a local or regional level, this current study supplements the 2021 report by distributing the statewide estimates across substate geographies, providing estimates of the economic burden of health disparities for all 254 counties in Texas. The report is accompanied by an online graphical tool that provides access to detailed estimates at the county and regional level. The tool is available at: Economic Impacts of Health Disparities In Texas.

Key Report Findings

By 2050, if current disparities in health and life expectancy remain:

excess medical care spending will double to
$5.4 billion per year
productivity loss will climb to
$8.5 billion per year
770,000 life years will be lost annually,
valued at $38.5 billion
Top 20 Counties by Per Capita Health Spending and Productivity Impact, 2020
This ranking adjusts for population size by presenting the same economic burden measure (excess health spending plus productivity impacts) on a per capita basis.

View the full report and interactive map to learn more.